What are the New AAHA/WSAVA Guidelines For Vaccinations?: AAHA/WSAVA Guidelines now place vaccines into three catagories as per the video by Dr. Shultz in the link at the top of this page:

1) Recommended/ Core Vaccines are Vaccines that all dogs should receive. These are CDV, CPV-2, CAV-2 and Rabies; rabies should be given to dogs in countries that rabies is present in only. The first three Core Vaccines are recommeded on a limited basis, and last for three years to life so titres should be given instead of annual vaccines, unless required by law.

2) Optional/ Non-Core Vaccines should only be given to dogs at risk.

3) Vaccines Not Recommended for dogs include Canine Corona (a vaccine in search of a disease) and Canine Giardia.

Why do many Breeders and Veterinarians Recommend A Limited Vaccine Protocol? Dr. Becker Weighs in on why less is more when it comes to vaccinations and the problem with adjuvants. http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2009/08/04/when-it-comes-to-vaccinating-your-pet-less-is-more.aspx

What Are the Rabies' Vaccination Safety Rules?: The Rabies Vaccination should not be given before 9 months of age, and preferrably after one year of age. The Rabies Vaccine is not to be given annually; give at a maximum frequency of every three years after the initial vaccination. Only vaccinate for Rabies if the toller lives in an area that has a legal requirement to do so or the dog lives in an area of risk or there are other special considerations. The Rabies Vaccination unfortunately does not have a modified live form of vaccine which means that it does have adjuvants that cause other diseases and reactions. NEVER VACCINATE THE PUPPY WITH A RABIES VACCINE IN COMBINATION WITH ANY OTHER VACCINE, NEVER VACCINATE THE PUPPY WITH A RABIES VACCINE WITHIN ONE MONTH OF ANY OTHER VACCINE and NEVER VACCINATE FOR RABIES OR WITH ANY OTHER VACCINE WITHIN A MONTH OF THE PUPPY BEING SPAYED, NEUTERED, HAVING ANY KIND OF SURGICAL PROCEDURE, OR IF THERE IS EVEN THE SLIGHTEST QUESTION THAT THE PUPPY MAY BE ILL.

What Are the Optional Non-Core Vaccines and Topical Medicines? Examples of these vaccines include Leptospira, Bordatella, Lyme, CPI: Periodontal, snakebite, etc. If you live in an area that undergoes freezing and thawing you do not have to vaccinate for Lepto. Optional non-core preventative measures vary from region to region and should only be given to dogs at risk.  In the past I have done preventative application of Revolution for our SeaTerrace ADULT Tollers on a monthly basis when it is warm outside. When it is cold, I do not use Revolution. Revolution prevents and controls Heartworm, Roundworm, fleas, ticks and mites. Revolution is a Selamectin Topical Solution.  

 A more Holistic Approach should be used if possible:

http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/natural-flea-and-tick-control.aspx

Especially beware of the chemical that some breeds are more sensitive to. This is the antiparasitic drug  ivermectin. Adverse reactions, including death, from some Heartworm and Lyme Disease medications may occur so these Preventative Medicines are to be administered in accordance with veterinary guidelines; and only use these in areas of the world where these diseases are considered a serious threat.

Are Dog Vaccinations Safe?: There are three types of reactions that can occur from vaccines. The first are mild reactions, the second are allergic reactions and the third is serious reactions that are associated with immune system problems. Mild Reactions - A small percentage of dogs will feel a little "sore" after their vaccines. Some dogs may run a low-grade fever or just feel a little tired. They may be less active, sleep more and eat slightly less than normal. This is temporary. The second typre are Allergic Reactions, some of which are mild itching, hives, swelling, or temporary nausea, and others can be serous reactions that are life threatening. Serious allergic type vaccine reactions in dogs are rare. The third type is Immune System Associated Reactions. Some dogs may develop Immune Mediated Disease(s). These are  complex diseases and no one really knows the underlying causes. Vaccines are a highly suspected cause. These disease(s) are very serious and life threatening. Our own toller, Lilly, has Evans Disease which is IM Hemolytic Anemia (Red Blood Cells) and IM Thrombocytopenia (platelets). We nearly lost our Lilly on December 31st, 2010. No one knows for sure why it occured – but it is thought that post-vaccine immune stimulation may occur as a consequence of an overzealous immune system reaction to the vaccine. Regardless, these are life-threatening and devastating. PetPlace.com: http://www.petplace.com/dogs/the-irreverent-vet-speaks-out-on-are-dog-vaccines-safe/page1.aspx

This is an article from south of our border. Other than the rabies frequency it may be applicable to Canadians: http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2011/10/27/new-canine-vaccination-guidelines.aspx

 

HEALTH and SAFETY: 

Definite reminder to us all ...........MAKE A WILL, and CLEARLY outline the plans YOU have for your dogs!  Don’t leave it to chance and someone else’s decisions. As well all reputable breeders want to help out any family that has adopted any of their puppies. Keep in touch with the breeder and let the breeder know any changes in contact information and the plans you may have for the puppy if something were to happen. The breeder will re-home the puppy or offer assistance in any way they are able. Keep the breeder up to date on any health aspects of this family member to help to protect the breed for generations.

First Aid Kit:

Emergencies can occur anytime and the best thing to do is be prepared. Having a first-aid kit ready will help to reduce anxiety if an emergency does happen. Keep the kit readily available and periodically check to make sure all the items are up to date and present. A small plastic toolbox or fishing tackle box works well to hold all the necessary equipment. On the outside of the box, write your name, address and telephone number in case you lose it. Also include the telephone number of your veterinarian as well as the telephone number of a local veterinary emergency facility.

If someone is taking care of your pets while you're away, be sure to discuss your pets with them. Make sure they understand what you consider an emergency, how to contact you, the name and phone number of a secondary contact person you trust to make decisions on your behalf if you were unavailable, and where to take your pet in case of an emergency. You may want to consider leaving a credit card number to pay for any unplanned expenses relating to your pet's health.

Once the emergency information is complete, it's a good idea to have separate information sheets for each pet. Include a photo of each pet with the name, age, breed, sex, identification (microchip and/or tattoo information), and any health problems. This can help if your pet is lost or if someone unfamiliar with your pet is needed to care for him.

A well-stocked first aid kit for dogs includes:

Roll cotton, Some cotton balls, Gauze pads, Gauze tape, 1 inch white tape (in addition to gauze tape)

Hydrogen peroxide (check the expiration date)

Hydrocortisone ointment, Scissors, Eyewash, Silver nitrate, Tweezers, Oral syringes

Pediolyte® or other balanced electrolyte fluid, Baby food – meat flavors work best

Large towel, Exam gloves, Rolls of elastic wrap, Emergency ice pack

Thermometer (both oral and rectal thermometers can be used rectally)

Benadryl or another Antihistamine Therapy (bee sting)

Slippery Elm Bark (Diarrhea)

________________________________________________________________________

"How to Gently Cleanse Your Pet's Body of Toxins", by Dr. Becker

 

Is pet health insurance worth the premium? Well it may not be for everyone. If someone can easily afford the large emergency vet bills without the insurance it may not be for them. But a person does not want to have to be in the difficult position to have to make a choice about getting tests and/or treatment for their pet; so pet health insurance can provide a tremendous peace of mind.  

http://www.thestar.com/business/article/941805--is-pet-health-insurance-worth-the-premium

At what age should I spay/neuter my dog?  Although EARLY SPAY/NEUTER has been popular not all well cared for dogs need to be fixed at a young age. I usually recommend to wait until sexual maturity or 6 months, preferably 1 year, for females and 18 months for males. Please speak to your vet regarding age and read the following articles:

http://www.doglistener.co.uk/neutering/neutering_definitive.shtml

http://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2011/02/17/dangers-of-early-pet-spaying-or-neutering.aspx

http://www.naiaonline.org/pdfs/LongTermHealthEffectsOfSpayNeuterInDogs.pdf

http://www.caninesports.com/SpayNeuter.html

What are the top people foods that are toxic to pets?: 

- Alcoholic Beverages. Ethanol is the component in alcoholic beverages that can be toxic when ingested. There are a variety of symptoms; slowed respiratory rate or cardiac arrest and death may result. Caution is advised when dogs are near alcohol.

- Chocolate, in addition to having a high fat content, contains caffeine and theobromine. These two compounds are nervous system stimulants and can be toxic to your dog in high amounts.

- Coffee and Tea because of the caffeine. They can burn the mouth and the grounds do not digest.

- Raisins (and Grapes) are also not good. The secret ingredients that make good wine are toxic to dogs (Toxin unknown but can cause kidney failure).

 - Garlic and Onions: contrary to the old wive's tale of keeping your dog flea-free, garlic is toxic to your pet. When you have the urge to sneak a piece of hamburger to your dog, make sure there are no little pieces of onion hiding on them; these can cause liver damage and bloody eyes.

- Sugar free products like cereal, cookies and baked goods because they contain Xylitol, deadly to dogs. Xylitol is used as a sweetener in many products, including gum, candy, baked goods, toothpaste, tic-tacs, and other things intended for human consumption. Xylitol can lead to liver failure.  Initial signs of toxicosis include vomiting, lethargy and loss of coordination. Signs can progress to recumbancy and seizures. Elevated liver enzymes and liver failure can be seen within a few days. Read all labels often in case there is a change in ingredients.

-  Pits, seeds (like Sesame) and nuts of any kind are all a bad idea. Watch for hidden pits in peaches, olives and other common foods. Apple seeds contain amygdlin, a form of cyanide, which is very poisonous to every living thing. If you’re going to give your dog apples, core the apples first. Apricots, Cherries, Peaches and Plums; stems seeds and leaves, are toxic as well.  Avocado leaves, fruit, bark and seeds contain "persin" which is toxic. Macadamia Nuts are poisonous.

- Yeast-based dough. Donuts and breads thoroughly cooked are ok, but watch out for high-yeast foods. They can cause expansion of gases within the stomach and rupturing of the colon.

- Some bones which splinter or chip may cause a grave injury should the bone splinter and become lodged in or puncture your pet's digestive tract or damage a tooth. These also can cause pancreatitis. Feeding a diet of Raw Food is a very good diet, but avoid Cooked and weight bearing bones and other hard to break-down treats like pig's ears and greenies. Raw bones like ribs, necks, backs or ground are the safest.

 A 'Heimlich Maneuver' link: 

http://www.petplace.com/dogs/heimlich-for-your-dog/page1.aspx?utm_source=dogcrazynews001et&utm_medium=email&utm_content=petplace_article&utm_campaign=dailynewsletter

- Mushrooms and other foods containing molds like blue cheese.

- Milk and other milk based products contain lactose and pets do not have enough lactase to break down the lactose so milk may cause diarrhea, digestive upset or other symptoms of lactose intolerance.

- Large amounts of salt can produce excessive thirst and urination or even sodium ion poisoning.

- Nightshades are a diverse group of foods, herbs shrubs and trees that should be fed carefully if not avoided altogether. 

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=george&dbid=62


- Baking soda and baking powder are both leavening agents.  Ingestion of large amounts of baking soda or baking powder can lead to electrolyte abnormalities, congestive heart failure or muscle spasms.  

What Are Some Winter Safety Tips? Winter is a time for cooler weather and scenic vistas; it is also a time of potential hazards during which common preventable emergencies occur for dogs.
1. Protect Your Pet from Fires and Burns. Take special care to monitor wood stoves, space heaters and other heating sources to prevent house fires and other burns. All year long your dryer vents should be cleared regularly.
Candles are often part of the winter ambiance, don't leave the room with them burning. They can be knocked over by pets. Make sure your smoke detectors have fresh batteries and place a sticker on your windows to alert firefighters that there are pets inside.  
2. Keep All Antifreeze Out of Pet's Reach. Antifreeze is very sweet and tasty to pets, and lethal even in small quantities. Buy brands that do not contain 'ethylene glycol' and keep out of your pet's reach.
3. Prevent Frostbite . Frostbite is injury to tissue that occurs when an animal is exposed to freezing temperatures (often accompanied by moisture or high winds). Keep your pet warm by providing warm bedding indoors and minimize exposure to dangerous conditions.

4. Take Special Care Around Frozen Bodies of Water. Keep your pets on a leash as weak areas can allow pets to fall through.


5. Protect Your Pet's Paws from Salt. Rock salt is often used on snow and ice on sidewalks, driveways and parking lots. Wipe snow, ice and rock salt off your pet's paws and between the toes. The salt  commonly used may cause vomiting and diarrhea if the animal licks it.

"Morton® Safe-T-Pet™ Ice Melt was developed with veterinarians to be safer for your furry friends. It's completely salt and chloride free - so it won't irritate pets' paws or stomachs. Morton® Safe-T-PetT Ice Melt is also non-toxic, and it won't irritate skin, so it's better for people and plants, as well as paved surfaces."

Some More Safety Tips?:

- Many Mushroom varieties can be toxic to dogs. Exercise Care by removing mushrooms from your yard and while hiking watch for mushrooms. http://www.dogsincanada.com/mushroom-toxicity   

- Cocoa mulch is deadly for pets, sold by Home Depot and many other garden supply stores. 'Theobromine' is a lethal ingredient to dogs and cats; They will ingest this stuff and die.

 - Rat Poisin is a common pet toxin

 - During the Christmas Holidays keep ornaments out of reach to avoid accidental ingestion. Make sure cords are kept neat and monitor your pet to ensure that he or she isn’t munching away on them. Tinsel can be dangerous for a curious canine. Loose tinsel can cause your dog discomfort and possible blockages.

http://www.petplace.com/dogs/10-steps-for-a-dog-safe-holiday-tree/page1.aspx?utm_source=dogcrazynews001et&utm_medium=email&utm_content=petplace_article&utm_campaign=dailynewsletter

- Read and investigate what indoor and outdoor plants are poisonous to your dog.  Know what Holiday plants are toxic versus non-toxic:

http://www.petplace.com/dogs/fall-and-winter-holiday-plant-toxicity-in-dogs/page1.aspx?utm_source=dogcrazynews001et&utm_medium=email&utm_content=petplace_article&utm_campaign=dailynewsletter

- To travel, secure your dog and bring along a blanket that has the scent from home on it for added comfort.  Bring Bottled water from home.

- Make sure your pets have up-to-date identification with your cell phone numbers on the tags. Also, permanent ID helps your pet stay safe.

- Keep your best friend's records and have local licences:

http://www.petplace.com/dogs/how-to-keep-track-of-your-dog-s-vital-information/page1.aspx?utm_source=dogcrazynews001et&utm_medium=email&utm_content=petplace_article&utm_campaign=dailynewsletter

 

How Do I Puppy Proof?:

 

  • Heavy objects that could be knocked over
  • Electrical cords
  • Garbage cans. Unusual or spoiled foods and bones can cause severe illness in pets
  • Small items that could be swallowed or inhaled
  • Sharp objects
  • Open windows or those covered only with a screen.
  • House plants. Some types are toxic to pets.
  • Open toilets. Keep lids closed to prevent drowning.
  • Food (both human and pet), medications, and any household chemicals should be kept behind

If you cannot adequately puppy-proof a part of your home, make sure to keep doors leading to this area closed or make good use of baby gates. Two gates placed one above the other will usually discourage jumping.

If you have a fenced yard, check the perimeter closely for any openings or loose areas through which a puppy might escape.

Some landscaping plants and materials can be toxic to pets so securely fence off these areas or any spots where digging or heavy paw traffic could be damaging.

Puppies should never have unmonitored access to swimming pools or other bodies of water.

Your best friend in the puppy proofing department is a comfortable crate, which can serve as your dog's personal retreat.

Crates are not a form of punishment but a safe "den" for dogs to use when canine life becomes overwhelming.

Put your puppy in his crate whenever running loose could be dangerous, for example, during a party when food or garbage might be within reach or the front door left open.

Provide your puppy with safe and stimulating toys to satisfy his curiosity and urge to chew.

Twisted rope toys and those made of durable rubber are excellent choices. The latter often have nooks for hiding treats, which definitely add to their appeal.

Provide your puppy with adequate outlets for his energy and curiosity. Puppies that are getting enough exercise spend a large portion of their day sleeping and therefore not getting into trouble.

If you plan on making use of a dog park, puppy class, or taking your pet to any other location where dogs congregate, make sure he is current on his vaccines.

Pet parents should always be prepared in case of emergency. Get a pet rescue alert sticker, fill in all of the information, and place it in a prominent position near your front door.

Reference "Dr. Wendy McClelland author of "The Top 10 Ways To Keep Your Pets Healthy and Happy" available upon request on her website www.WendyTheVet"